我扎根了我的手机。怎么办?我从生根获得了什么? -- rooting 领域 和 root-access 领域 android 相关 的问题

I've rooted my phone. Now what? What do I gain from rooting?


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问题

中文

这是那些刚刚扎根手机的人的常见问题。我从rooting获得了什么应用程序,rom,福利等?我现在应该在做什么?

english

This is a common question by those who have just rooted their phones. What apps, ROMs, benefits, etc. do I get from rooting? What should I be doing now?

     

回答列表

268
 
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最佳答案
 

需要root

的东西

根文件资源管理器

您可以重新安装您的 /system/ 目录读写,这将允许您删除载波发货的应用程序您不喜欢等等。根文件资源管理器可以允许您在手机上查看所有文件夹,例如 /data/ ,通常受保护。

  • mount / system ro / Rw
  • root explorer
  • es文件资源explorer

修补应用

具有root访问权限您可以修补其他应用程序以获得对功能的特殊访问,或用于一些应用程序的自我保护。

  • freedom - 免费免费获取IAP(应用内购买)!购买钻石,红宝石和专业人士解锁没有真钱。注意:根据您的国家/地区,法律限制可能适用。
  • lucky patcher - 修补程序应用程序,以便他们不需要更多广告/自动成为某些DPI的专业版/工作......很多你可以用幸运的修补程序做,并且已经提供了一堆修补程序。

移动&删除应用

访问/系统也意味着您可以将应用程序或更新从/ data到/ system(警告!)移动到/ data(谨慎!),如果分区有足够的空间。

  • titanium backup - 备份所有应用程序和数据。还允许您卸载或冻结系统应用程序,将更新集成到ROM中以保存空间,将应用程序移动到SD等。
  • apps2rom - 术语itanium backup的pro版本是免费的:让您将应用程序移动到系统分区。
  • bloatfreezer - 冻结或删除系统应用
  • link2sd - 将(系统)应用程序移动到SD卡中的第二个分区,解放可用空间的负载在 /system 分区中。

请注意,将应用程序移动到SDCard具有风险和缺点,并且仅在需要空间时才进行。大多数现代设备对于许多应用程序(16GB +)有足够的内存,提供照片/视频/音乐存储在外部SDCard上。

束缚

一些设备已经有了Wi-Fi的盒子,如三星Galaxy S,所以除非特征的运营商收费,否则这对它们并不是很大的交易。

  • android wi-fi系绳
  • 无线系绳

屏幕截图&屏幕录制

在4.0冰淇淋三明治之前,截图需要盗阵。 大多数前棒棒糖屏幕记录器也需要root。
  • shootme
  • drocap2

备份

  • titanium backup - 备份所有应用程序和数据。还允许您卸载系统应用程序,将更新集成到ROM中以节省空间,等等。
  • ClockworkMod恢复(ROM Manager) - 通常需要root通过ROM Manager安装。允许您备份整个设备,包括您的ROM,以及Flash新ROM和其他高级任务。

还有许多应用程序声称制作完整的nandroid备份。

应用程序/网络控制

  • Adfree - 通过更改主机文件来删除广告 (所以应用程序和浏览器中的广告)

  • adaway - 也是块内应用程序添加。

  • droid wall - 防火墙应用程序。当您甚至不使用它时,获取了一个应用程序的应用程序?块它!

  • orbot - tor app

  • 缓存mate - 清除所有应用的缓存

  • droid vnc server - connect通过VNC

    到您的手机
  • lbe安全大师 - 有选择地App

    撤消权限
  • 按钮savior - 有助于在屏幕按钮上添加以补偿物理按钮的故障。

  • clocksync - to使用少量预定义的原子钟自动同步设备的时间。

xposed框架

Xposed Framework允许安装具有高级调整功能的应用程序。

  • gravitybox(适用于android 4.2 4.4 5.0 5.1 6.0 ) - 提供许多系统调整的应用程序。
  • xinstaller - 包安装程序的各种调整。
  • xhangouts - 改进了Google Hoogouts的版本。
  • xwhatsapp - 适用于流行的whatsapp messenger。
  • xprivacy - Finegreathave应用控件。

CPU控件

  • setcpu - 控制处理器速度手机,也可以设置配置文件。它允许基于条件的超频,例如,屏幕关闭时底部地点到125MHz。它显着提高了电池寿命而不影响性能(当您实际使用应用程序/电话时)或通过超频可以提高性能。
  • overclock widget - 类似于setcpu但功能较少

启用交换文件/分区

  • roehsoft ram-expander(交换) - 使用SD卡进行更多RAM。

  • 内存交换免费 - 支持交换文件。

高级和杂项

  • ROM Manager - 便于安装新ROM ClockWorkMod恢复,并允许您备份整个设备(ROM + Apps +数据)和其他高级任务。
  • 快速启动 - 允许您重新启动恢复或引导加载程序/下载模式。
  • LED HACK - 在手机上禁用LED (在Android市场上不再提供)
  • 滞后修复 - 各种调整和文件系统更改,以加快手机或防止手机暂时暂停/冻结问题。这些对使用RFS文件系统的某些三星手机特别有用。推荐ext4 lagfix,如 voodoo ,但也有ext2 lagfixes,如 ryanza的一键滞后,您还允许您更改高级内存,Wi-Fi和磁盘调度选项。< / li>
  • trim - 一些旧的内核没有修剪。
  • stickmount - 自动安装USB闪存驱动器,键盘,鼠标通过 usb otg 电缆。
  • busybox - 使终端仿真器感觉更像是linux。
  • sideloading应用程序。大多数运营商/手机允许此选项,但在&amp; t不。

roms

虽然闪烁新ROM不需要root,但许多应用程序使其更容易的应用程序需要root。

cyanogenmod 是许多人戴上手机的非常受欢迎的rom。通过 ROM Manager 应用程序也很容易安装。首先安装发条恢复。 然后在刷新任何ROM之前运行备份。

还检查我可以在哪里找到我的设备"或 xda论坛其他自定义ROM。大多数设备都有一个特定的"Android开发" 子论坛,roms发布。

始终在安装任何ROM或MOD之前进行NANDROID备份!您可能还需要在安装或升级ROM之前从手机擦除所有数据和缓存。

自定义内核

一个流行的内核是 chevyno1 提供的内核集。您还可以通过ROM Manager的高级版下载它们。 在使用这些内核之前制作NANDROID(CLOWNWORKMOD)备份!您也希望获得SETCPU以使这些内核中的最大。

以最低速度的低压核开头,并将您的方式转到1.2GHz。如果您的手机稳定到1.2GHz范围,则尝试一些超低电压内核。如果开始将力关闭,则切换回低压内核。

基本上每个手机(相同的电话品牌/型号)因其在处理器之间的制造差异而遵守的内核而变化。 所以我可能有一个摩托罗拉机器人,可以运行超低电压内核,而你的机器人可能无法运行它们。 这些手机不一定设计用于像这样运行。

 

Things that Require Root

Root File Explorers

You can remount your /system/ directory read-write, which will allow you to remove carrier-shipped applications you don't like and so on. Root file explorers can allow you to view all folders on your phone, such as /data/ which is normally protected.

  • Mount /system RO/RW
  • Root Explorer
  • ES File Explorer

Patching Apps

With root access you can patch other apps to gain special access to functions, or removal of self-protection for some apps.

  • Freedom - Get iAP (in-App Purchase) for free! Buy diamonds, rubies and Pro unlocks without real money. Note: Legal restrictions may apply depending on your country/region.
  • Lucky Patcher - Patch apps so that they don't require Google Play Services / displays no more ads / automatically become Pro version / work at certain DPI... There's many you can do with Lucky Patcher and there's even a bunch of patches provided already.

Moving & Removing Apps

Access to /system also means you can move apps or updates to system apps from /data to /system (with caution!), if the partition has enough space.

  • Titanium Backup - Back up all of your applications and data. Also allows you to uninstall or freeze system apps, integrate updates into your ROM to save space, move apps to SD, and more.
  • apps2rom - does for free what the pro version of titanium backup does: lets you move apps to the system partition.
  • Bloatfreezer - Freeze or remove system apps
  • Link2SD - Move (system) applications to a second partition in SD card, liberating loads of free space in /system partition.

Note that moving apps to the sdcard has risks and cons, and should be undertaken only if space is needed. Most modern devices have enough memory for many apps (16GB+), providing that photos/videos/music are stored on an external sdcard.

Tethering

Some devices already have Wi-Fi tethering out-of-the-box, like the Samsung Galaxy S, so this isn't such a big deal on them unless the carrier charges for the feature.

  • Android Wi-Fi Tether
  • Wireless Tether

Screenshots & screen recording

root is needed for screenshots before 4.0-Ice Cream Sandwich. Most pre-lollipop screen recorders also require root.

  • ShootMe
  • Drocap2

Backups

  • Titanium Backup - Back up all of your applications and data. Also allows you to uninstall system apps, integrate updates into your ROM to save space, and so on.
  • ClockworkMod Recovery (ROM Manager) - Usually requires root to install via ROM Manager. Allows you to backup the entire device, including your ROM, as well as flash new ROMs and other advanced tasks.

There are also many apps that claim to make a full nandroid backup.

Application/Network Control

  • AdFree - Removes ads by changing the hosts file (so both ads in apps and in browser)

  • Adaway - Also blocks in-app adds.

  • Droid Wall - Firewall application. Got an app that's using up all your data when you're not even using it? Block it with this!

  • Orbot - Tor app

  • Cache Mate - Clear cache of all apps

  • Droid VNC Server - Connect to your phone via VNC

  • LBE Security Master - Selectively revoke permissions from app

  • Button Savior - Helps to add on screen button to compensate a failure of a physical button.

  • ClockSync - to automatically sync the device's time with few predefined atomic clocks.

Xposed Framework

The Xposed framework allows apps with advanced tweaking functionality to be installed.

  • GravityBox (for Android 4.2 4.4 5.0 5.1 6.0) - An app that provides many system tweaks.
  • XInstaller - Various tweaks for Package Installer.
  • XHangouts - Improved version of google hangouts.
  • XWhatsApp - Mod for the popular whatsapp messenger.
  • XPrivacy - Finegrained app control.

CPU Control

  • SetCPU - Control the processor speed of the phone, can also setup profiles. It allows underclocking based on conditions, e.g. underclock to 125mhz when screen is turned off. It dramatically increases battery life without affecting performance (when you're actually using apps / the phone) or can improve performance via overclocking.
  • Overclock Widget - Similar to SetCPU but less functional

Enable swap file / partition

  • ROEHSOFT RAM-EXPANDER (SWAP) - Use SD card for more RAM.

  • Memory Swapper Free - support swap file.

Advanced and Miscellaneous

  • ROM Manager - Facilitates installing new ROMs with ClockworkMod Recovery, and allows you to back up your entire device (ROM + apps + data) and other advanced tasks.
  • Quick Boot - Allows you to reboot into recovery or the bootloader / Download Mode.
  • LED Hack - Disable LED on phone (no longer available on Android Market)
  • Lag fixes - Various tweaks and filesystem changes to speed up your phone or prevent issues with your phone pausing / freezing temporarily. These are particularly useful on some Samsung phones that use an RFS filesystem. An Ext4 lagfix like Voodoo is recommended, but there are also Ext2 lagfixes like RyanZA's One Click Lag Fix which also allows you to change advanced memory, Wi-Fi, and disk scheduling options.
  • TRIM - Some older kernels do not have TRIM.
  • StickMount - Automatically mount USB flash drives, keyboards, mouse via USB OTG cable.
  • BusyBox - Makes terminal emulators feel more like linux.
  • Sideloading apps. Most carriers/phones allow this option but AT&T does not.

ROMs

Though root is not required for flashing new ROMs, many apps that make it easier do require root.

CyanogenMod is a very popular rom that many people put on their phones. It is also easy to install via the ROM Manager app. First install the Clockwork recovery. Then run a backup before you flash any roms.

Also check out "Where can I find stock or custom ROMs for my device" or the XDA forums for other custom roms. Most devices have a specific "Android Development" sub-forum where ROMs are posted.

Always do a nandroid backup before installing any rom or mod! You may also need to wipe all data and cache from your phone before installing or upgrading a ROM.

Custom Kernels

One popular set of kernels is those provided by ChevyNo1. You can also download them via the premium version of the ROM Manager. Make a nandroid (ClockworkMod) backup before using these kernels! You'll also want to get SetCPU to make the most out of these kernels.

Start with the low voltage kernels at the lowest speed and work your way up to the 1.2GHz. If your phone is stable up to the 1.2GHz range, then try some of the ultra low voltage kernels. If you start getting force closes, then switch back to a low voltage kernel.

Basically each phone (of the same phone brand/model) varies by which kernel it can handle due to the manufacturing differences between processors. So I may have a Motorola Droid that can run ultra low voltage kernels and yours may not be able to run them. These phones weren't necessarily designed to run like this.

 
 
         
         
50
 
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在很少的单词中,rooting一个Android系统意味着克服制造商施加的限制。人们可能想要出于不同的原因,但主要是自由。拥有扎根手机意味着您对设备进行了所有控制。

人们root手机的主要原因是安装 custom rom 。自定义ROM通常已知用于制造商ROM上不存在的性能和独占功能的改进,例如在SDCard上安装应用程序或拍摄屏幕截图。自定义ROM也可以成为其制造商放弃的设备的系统更新替代方案。您可以看到对流行ROM的审查,例如一个例子,这里。

rooting android还允许您除了违反用户隐私的人之外,卸载库存应用程序您不会使用或不想要(参见 crialsiq )。这样做的另一个主要原因是在内部存储上获得更多空间。

rooted设备允许您安装几乎任何需要root访问权限的应用程序。这些应用程序通常旨在做一些没有这种特权的事情。在以前的答案上显示了许多有用的应用程序,但您可能会在Google Play上找到更多可用的应用程序。您可以找到一个好的应用程序列表 。

 

In few words, rooting an Android system means overcome the limitations that were imposed over it by the manufacturer. People may want that for different reasons, but the main one is freedom. Having a rooted phone means you've got all the control over your device.

The main reason people root phones is to install a custom ROM. Custom ROMs are often known for improvements in performance and exclusive features that are not present on manufacturer ROMs, like installing apps on sdcard or taking screenshots. Custom ROMS can also become a system update alternative for those devices that were abandoned by their manufacturers. You can see a review of popular ROMS, as an example, here.

Rooting Android also allows you to uninstall stock apps that you don't use or don't want, besides those that violates user's privacy (see CarrierIQ). Another main reason for doing that is to gain more space on internal storage.

A rooted device lets you install almost any app that requires root access. Those apps generally aim to do something that would not be possible without that privilege. A lot of useful apps were shown on the previous answer, but you may find a lot more available on Google Play. You can find a list of good apps here.

 
 
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Google正在尝试通过改进允许的系统服务来减少生根的需求。如今,屏幕截图,屏幕录制和系列通常不需要root。我可以考虑仍然root的原因:

  • 卸载和/或备份默认应用程序。
  • 要在不受限制的情况下移动文件和应用。

    • 用根资源管理器复制/粘贴/解压缩。
    • 将应用程序与 /data 分区集成到 /system 分区以便保存空间并从工厂重置保存它们。
    • 编辑系统主机文件以阻止广告(ADAWAY)。编辑图标资源文件(TXT)以包含您喜欢应用程序的启动器图标。等等。
  • 以更多电源运行程序:

    • 更多Tasker功能
    • 更好的电源管理,与绿化等应用程序。
    • 使用xposed
    • 钩住任何应用程序或资源。
      • ricing(Gravitybox)
      • 向YouTube(或其他流行)应用程序添加非官方功能。
      • 具有Xprivacy的精细应用程序权限管理。
    • 运行命令行实用程序(busybox)如(重新)安装文件系统,或扫描所有分区文件以查看占用空间的内容。
    • 反向系列(通过USB或WiFi使用我的笔记本电脑/桌面互联网)
    • 更改CPU性能策略。
    • 在线闪烁一个新图像到存储,或制作完整备份。非根性方式涉及恢复/ fastboot方法。
 

Google is trying to reduce the need for rooting by improving the permitted system services. Nowadays screenshots, screen recording and tethering typically don't require root.The reasons I can think of to still root:

  • To uninstall and/or backup default apps.
  • To move files and apps around without restrictions.

    • Copy/paste/unzip anywhere with a root explorer.
    • Integrate/migrate apps from your /data partition to the /system partition in order to save space and preserve them from factory resets.
    • Edit your system hosts file to block ads (adaway). Edit your icon resource file (txt) to include a launcher icon for your favorite app. Etc.
  • To run programs with more power:

    • More Tasker functionality
    • Better power management with apps like Greenify.
    • Hook into any app or resource with Xposed.
      • Ricing (gravitybox)
      • Adding unofficial features to the Youtube (or other popular-) app.
      • Fine grained app permission management with Xprivacy.
    • Run command line utilities (busybox) like (re)mounting your filesystems, or scanning all partition files to see what takes up space.
    • Reverse tethering (use my laptop/desktop internet via usb or wifi)
    • Change CPU performance policies.
    • Online flashing of a new image to storage, or make a full backup. The non-root way involves recovery/fastboot methods.
 
 

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我有一个带有解锁的引导加载程序的手机(摩托罗拉Moto maxx xt1225)但还没有自定义恢复。 是否有任何方法可以在没有自定义恢复的情况下获取root / flash超级su? 或者以任何方式修改股票恢复以便能够闪现无符号zips? 编辑:设备在4.4.4,它是Droid Turbo的"国际" 版本,刚刚发布...




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