已解决-尽管GRUB正常且分区未销毁,W10更新阻止了Lubuntu引导 -- 16.04 领域 和 dual-boot 领域 和 updates 领域 和 lubuntu 领域 和 windows-10 领域 askubuntu 相关 的问题

solved - W10 update prevents Lubuntu from booting although GRUB is OK and partitions are not destroyed


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问题

中文

我最近购买了配备Intel Core i7-7700和8Gb RAM的DELL Vostro 3268台式机。 这是一个 UEFI系统。 它随附了预装在1Tb HDD(= sda)上的W10。 我希望我的系统更快,并购买了240Gb SSD(= sdb)。

我需要使用Lubuntu作为主要系统,但还需要保留W10(我必须不时使用它)。

我缩小了包含我的W10数据的HDD的W10分区,以便为Linux提供空间,因此W10和Linux所需要的空间不超过SSD的大小。我使用上述收缩产生的部分可用空间创建了Linux分区,并毫无问题地安装了Lubuntu 16.04.3。 我可以轻松地从HDD进行双重引导,然后从GRUB中选择W10或Lubuntu 16.04.3,两者都可以正常工作。

在进行了调整以使所有相关分区都位于HDD的第一个240Gb之后,我使用以下命令将HDD的第一个240Gb复制到SSD:

  sudo dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb bs=1024 count=234431064   

尽管我需要额外的清洁步骤,但此方法工作正常:我只需要从SSD表中删除对某些分区的任何引用(=对W10 / DELL相关分区的引用,例如系统备份等,这些都是我不需要的,而哪些实际上,SSD甚至不存在,因为它们位于HDD的第一个240Gb之后,并使用gdisk(选项d)重新生成SSD末尾的表。这没有问题。

我用240Gb SSD替换了1Tb HDD,并且可以从SSD在W10和Lubuntu 16.04.3之间双重启动,并且可以毫无问题地使用两个系统。

然后出现了 Microsoft的Fall Creators Update (" FCU" ),因此我的W10得到了更新,Lubuntu停止工作。不幸的是,在用我的硬盘进行测试时,我在硬盘上的W10也得到了更新,Lubuntu现在在使用硬盘时也失败了(这使我相信,这与不将某些硬盘分区复制到SSD或我的硬盘无关。上方的"额外清洁步骤" )。

我的症状与在论坛上看到的症状有所不同。

我的GRUB很好,它可以正确显示GRUB菜单,如果选择W10 GRUB条目,则可以引导我进入W10。

但是,如果我像在FCU之前一样选择Lubuntu GRUB条目,它将失败并出现一系列奇怪的错误:

  [    0.024938] ACPI Error: [_SB_.PCIO.XHC_.RHUB.HS11] Namespace lookup failure,  AE_NOT_FOUND (20160930/dswload-210) [    0.024944] ACPI Exception: AE_NOT_FOUND, During name lookup/catalog (2016093 0/psobject-227) [    0.024978] ACPI Exception: AE_NOT_FOUND, (SSDT:DELL_SFF) while loading table  (20160930/tbxfload-228) [    0.025748] ACPI Error: 1 table load failures, 9 successful (20160930/tbxfloa d-246) /dev/sda8: clean, 289894/6111232 files, 2885028/24413952 blocks Welcome to emergency mode! After logging in, type "journalctl -xb" to view system logs, "systemctl reboot" to reboot, "systemctl default" or ^D to try again to boot into default mode. Press Enter for maintenance   

我的分区很好(据我所知可以保留内容)。

我意识到我的分区没有按照它们在SSD上出现的顺序进行编号,但是我进行了修正:现在,它们按照它们在SSD上出现的顺序进行编号。

我注意到FCU已在W10中恢复了"快速启动" 和休眠模式,但是将W10重新配置为可重新分配它们。

我设法通过使用yannubuntu / boot-repair暂时恢复了我的Lubuntu。 但是几个小时后,我又再次失去了Lubuntu,而又没有弄乱系统,并且出现了一系列类似于上面的错误(ACPI的东西)。

我通过引导修复再次将其恢复,但是它永远不会持续。

我没有其他想法了。

除了从头开始重新安装所有内容之外,其他人是否遇到过类似的事情?除了我可以重新安装所有内容之外,您是否有其他想法?

我不需要任何帮助来进行完全重新安装,但这显然不是我想要做的,因为我在W10和Lubuntu上都有大量的应用程序和三个不同的帐户,而且无论如何我都没有理由相信这会解决我的问题...

在此先感谢您的提示!

编辑: 如我的第一篇文章所述(标题+正文,见上文),GRUB加载没有问题。我可以通过GRUB引导到W10。这不是重复项。

编辑#2: 我试图进行引导修复。 这次我无法恢复我的Lubuntu(我尝试了3次,但不是所有可能的选择)。 无论如何,我都会附加一个pastebin,以防它有所帮助:paste.ubuntu.com/p/F2yJVx9Gzn

我认为这种失败可能是由于上次我恢复Lubuntu时我也曾请求引导修复以修复Windows(尽管它可以正常工作),但这次我没有要求。 我的W10运作良好,而我记得上次我修复Lubuntu时,我不得不在Windows中使用bcdedit玩,而且我害怕(在某个时候)杀死W10和Lubuntu。

我也尝试了引导修复的默认选项,但是由于以下错误而失败: "取消了grub-efi-amd64签名的清除。请将此消息报告给boot.repair@gmail.com" (我当时没有报告此消息,不知道这是否相关,并且我不想 垃圾邮件)。

鉴于pastebin,您是否还有其他元素可以提供一些提示,例如 如何修理我的Lubuntu?

顺便说一句,当我通过实时Lubuntu DVD启动时,我也遇到了一些ACPI错误(可能与我最初的帖子中所指出的相同-它们在我有时间拍照之前已经消失了),并且确实如此 不会影响启动或使用实时DVD,因此问题可能出在其他方面。 ACPI错误似乎是由于某些USB硬件引起的(但我注意到W10或Lubuntu中的USB端口没有铅),并且可能会被忽略。

谢谢!

英文原文

I recently bought a DELL Vostro 3268 desktop, with an Intel Core i7-7700 and 8Gb RAM. This is a UEFI system. It came with W10 preinstalled on a 1Tb HDD (= sda). I wanted my system to be faster and bought a 240Gb SSD (= sdb).

I need to use Lubuntu as my primary system but also need to keep W10 (which I have to use from time to time).

I shrank the W10 partition of the HDD containing my W10 data to have room for Linux and so that W10 plus Linux require no more than the size of my SSD. I created Linux partitions using part of the free space resulting from the aforementioned shrinking and installed Lubuntu 16.04.3 without any problem. I could easily dual boot from the HDD and select either W10 or Lubuntu 16.04.3 from GRUB, both worked fine.

After having made adjustments so that all relevant partitions be located in the first 240Gb of the HDD, I copied the first 240Gb of the HDD to the SSD with the command:

sudo dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/sdb bs=1024 count=234431064 

This worked fine although I needed extra cleaning steps: I simply had to remove any reference to certain partitions from the SSD table (= references to W10/DELL related partitions such as system backup etc. which I didn't need and which in fact didn't even exist on the SSD since they were located after the first 240Gb of the HDD) and to regenerate a table at the end of the SSD with gdisk (option d). This posed no problem.

I replaced the 1Tb HDD by the 240Gb SSD, and could dual boot between W10 and Lubuntu 16.04.3 from the SSD and use both systems without any problem.

Then came Microsoft's Fall Creators Update ("FCU"), so my W10 got updated and Lubuntu stopped working. Unfortunately, while testing with my HDD, my W10 on the HDD also got updated, and Lubuntu now also fails when using the HDD (which leads me to believe that this has nothing to do with not copying certain HDD partitions to the SSD or with my above "extra cleaning steps").

I have symptoms which differ from what I see on the forums.

My GRUB is fine, it displays the GRUB menu properly, and lets me boot into W10 if I select the W10 GRUB entry.

However, if I select the Lubuntu GRUB entry as I used to do before FCU, it fails with a strange series of errors:

[    0.024938] ACPI Error: [\_SB_.PCIO.XHC_.RHUB.HS11] Namespace lookup failure,  AE_NOT_FOUND (20160930/dswload-210) [    0.024944] ACPI Exception: AE_NOT_FOUND, During name lookup/catalog (2016093 0/psobject-227) [    0.024978] ACPI Exception: AE_NOT_FOUND, (SSDT:DELL_SFF) while loading table  (20160930/tbxfload-228) [    0.025748] ACPI Error: 1 table load failures, 9 successful (20160930/tbxfloa d-246) /dev/sda8: clean, 289894/6111232 files, 2885028/24413952 blocks Welcome to emergency mode! After logging in, type "journalctl -xb" to view system logs, "systemctl reboot" to reboot, "systemctl default" or ^D to try again to boot into default mode. Press Enter for maintenance 

My partitions are fine (contents preserved, as far as I can say).

I realized that my partitions were not numbered in the order in which they appear on the SSD, but I fixed it: they are now numbered in the order in which they appear on the SSD.

I noticed that FCU had restored "Fast Boot" and the hibernate mode in W10, but reconfigured W10 to redisable them.

I managed to temporarily restore my Lubuntu by using yannubuntu/boot-repair. But after a few hours, I lost Lubuntu again without any messing around with the system, and got a series of error similar to the above (ACPI stuff).

I restored it again with boot-repair, but it never lasts.

I have no more ideas.

Did anybody encounter anything similar and do you have any idea of what I could do other than reinstall everything from scratch?

I don't need any help for a full reinstall, but this is clearly not what I want to do, since I have plenty of applications and three different accounts on each of W10 and Lubuntu, and anyway I have no reason to believe that this would solve my problem...

Thanks in advance for any hint!

Edit: As explained in my initial post (title + body, see above), GRUB loads without problem. I can boot into W10 via GRUB. This is not a duplicate.

Edit #2: I tried to boot-repair. This time I failed to restore my Lubuntu (I tried three times, but not all possible options). I attached a pastebin anyway, in case it helps: paste.ubuntu.com/p/F2yJVx9Gzn

I think this failure may be due to the fact that last time I restored my Lubuntu I had requested boot-repair to repair Windows too (although it worked fine), which I didn't request this time. My W10 works fine while I remember that last time I fixed Lubuntu I had to play with bcdedit in Windows and I had been scared (at some point) to kill both W10 and Lubuntu.

I tried the default options of boot-repair too, but this failed with the following error: "grub-efi-amd64-signed purge cancelled. Please report this message to boot.repair@gmail.com" (I didn't report this message at that stage, not knowing whether this is relevant & I don't want to spam).

In view of the pastebin, do you have more elements to provide some hints as to how to repair my Lubuntu?

BTW, when I boot via the live Lubuntu DVD, I also have some ACPI errors (possibly the same as indicated in my initial post - they disappeared before I had the time to take a picture to verify that), and this does not affect booting or using the live DVD, so the problem must be something else. The ACPI errors seem to be due to some USB hardware (but I have noticed no pb with my USB ports in W10 or in Lubuntu) and can likely be ignored.

Thanks!

              
       
       

回答列表

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我找到了如何恢复Lubuntu的方法。 尽管在安装FCU时出现了问题,但我无法确定FCU如何负责我的问题。 也许微软与我的问题无关... 我什至无法解释过去如何通过引导修复解决问题(然后再次失败)。

原因是我的fstab包含一个用于安装用于LTSP的本地DVD的虚假条目(PC具有两个NIC,并且是LTSP服务器,为此我需要为服务器的DVD驱动器进行特殊设置)。 我只需要删除该行,现在就可以正常启动(现在,我将需要弄清楚如何还原LTSP功能,但这是另一回事了……)。

 

I found how to restore Lubuntu. I am not able to determine how FCU could be responsible for my problem, although the problem occurred when installing FCU. Maybe Microsoft had nothing to do with my problem... I am even less able to explain how I have been able to solve the issue in the past with boot-repair (and then it failed again).

The reason was my fstab which contained a bogus entry for mounting the local DVD for LTSP (the PC has two NICs and is an LTSP server for which I needed a special setup for the server's DVD drive). I simply had to remove the line and I am now able to boot normally (now I will need to figure out how to restore the LTSP feature, but this is another story...).

 
 

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