Dell XPS 15 9570(2018)禁用nvidia GPU -- drivers 领域 和 nvidia 领域 和 graphics 领域 和 dell 领域 和 bumblebee 领域 askubuntu 相关 的问题

Dell XPS 15 9570 (2018) disable nvidia GPU


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问题

中文

我最近购买了Dell XPS 15 9570并已在其上成功安装Ubuntu 18.04。

大多数情况下都可以按预期运行,但是存在一些与电源和nvidia GPU相关的问题。

当前,我有两个主要问题:

  1. 在启动时,即使我运行 sudo prime-select intel ,Nvidia GPU也会默认保持开机状态。我可以从终端使用带有 sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF 的bbswitch禁用它。我希望能够在启动时禁用图形卡,因为我仅在Linux下使用笔记本电脑才能提高工作效率。
  2. 使用交流电源 时笔记本电脑无法进入睡眠状态,并且bbswitch报告GPU已关闭。使用电池供电时,它通常会进入睡眠状态,但是使用交流电源时,它会进入睡眠状态,但是当再次打开笔记本计算机机盖时,它会挂起,仅保留硬关机选项。

设置

我在配备16G RAM,NVidia 1050 TI图形卡和i7-8750H处理器的Dell XPS 15 9570上运行Ubuntu 18.04。

按时间顺序进行系统设置的操作

  • 使用 nouveau.modeset=0 安装Ubuntu 18.04,以便能够首次运行实时映像和已安装的系统
  • Additional Drivers 面板安装适当的nvidia驱动程序。这将与 nvidia-prime
  • 一起安装驱动程序
  • 使用 sudo prime-select intel 来选择英特尔卡。重启。这样可以确保Intel卡是系统使用的卡。但是,谨慎的卡即使没有使用也仍然保持在 on 上。这是由 cat /proc/acpi/bbswitch 报告的。此命令返回 0000:01:00 ON ,表示GPU已开启。此外, powertop 显示的放电率为〜20W,而我通过bbswitch手动关闭GPU时的放电率为〜10W。
  • 安装 bbswitch ,以确保我可以实际禁用离散卡,并且它可以与 sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF0
  • 一起手动使用

我尝试过的事情

  • 尝试安装大黄蜂,因为这样可以控制bbswitch并在需要时禁用/启用离散GPU。安装Bumblebee导致系统无法加载。我必须通过进入根控制台并清除大黄蜂来恢复系统*
  • 我尝试将 sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF1 修改为包含 在 bbswitch GitHub页面上建议的 sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF2 。仅当我将 sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF3 留在那儿时,它才能加载bbswitch,但我需要手动禁用GPU。

任何想法都值得欢迎。也可以随时询问我更多详细信息。真令人沮丧的是,在Ubuntu下,如此完美的笔记本电脑会遇到这些问题。

英文原文

I have recently bought a Dell XPS 15 9570 and have successfully installed Ubuntu 18.04 on it.

Mostly things work as expected, but there are some issues related to power and the nvidia GPU.

Currently, I have 2 issues that I consider major:

  1. Nvidia GPU stays on by default on boot even when I run sudo prime-select intel. I can disable it using bbswitch with sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF from the terminal. I would love to be able to disable the graphics card on boot as I only use the laptop for productivity under Linux.
  2. The laptop is unable to go to sleep when on AC power and bbswitch is reporting that the GPU is OFF. It goes to sleep normally when on battery, but on AC power it goes to sleep but hangs when opening the laptop lid again leaving only hard power-off as an option.

Setup

I run Ubuntu 18.04 on a Dell XPS 15 9570 with 16G of RAM, NVidia 1050 TI graphics card, and i7-8750H processor.

Chronological system setup actions

  • Install Ubuntu 18.04 using nouveau.modeset=0 to be able to run live image and the installed system for the first time
  • Install proper nvidia drivers from Additional Drivers panel. This installs drivers along with nvidia-prime
  • Use sudo prime-select intel to pick intel card. Reboot. This makes sure intel card is the one used by the system. However, the discreet card is still on even though it is not in use. This is reported by cat /proc/acpi/bbswitch. This command returns 0000:01:00 ON which indicates that the GPU is ON. Also, powertop shows discharge rate of ~20W in comparison to ~10W when I manually turn off the GPU through bbswitch.
  • Install bbswitch to make sure I can actually disable the discrete card and it works manually with sudo tee /etc/acpi/bbswitch <<<OFF

Things I have tried

  • Tried installing bumblebee as this should take control over bbswitch and disable/enable the discrete GPU when needed. Installing bumblebee leads to a system that I am unable to load. I had to recover the system by going to the root console and purging bumblebee*
  • I have tried modifying /etc/modules/ to contain bbswitch load_state=0 unload_state=1 as suggested on bbswitch GitHub page. This does not work, only if I leave bbswitch there it loads bbswitch, but then I need to disable the GPU manually.

Any ideas are welcome. Also feel free to ask me for more details. It is really frustrating that such an otherwise perfect laptop suffers from these issues under Ubuntu.

              
         
         

回答列表

3
 
vote

在运行Ubuntu 18.04的9750上,每当我在登录或启动之前使用bbswitch关闭dgpu时,系统就会冻结。

尝试了许多不同的方法并多次重新引导后,我决定采用一种解决方法:安排一个cron作业以在重新引导延迟60秒后激活bbswitch,以便我可以在bbswitch启动之前登录。

以root用户身份在终端中打开crontab:

  sudo crontab -e   

添加到cron:

  @reboot sleep 60 && /sbin/modprobe bbswitch   

将/ sbin / modprobe替换为您的modprobe可执行文件所在的位置,这假定已安装bbswitch。

还添加到/etc/modprobe.d/bbswitch.conf:

  options bbswitch load_state=0 unload_state=1   

这将在加载bbswitch时关闭dgpu,并在卸载bbswitch时打开。有关更多详细信息,请参见此处。

对于盖子问题,我不得不编辑logind.conf:

  sudo nano /etc/systemd/logind.conf   

更改以下行:

  HandleLidSwitchDocked=ignore   

  HandleLidSwitchDocked=suspend    

奇怪的是,如果您保留默认设置(= ignore),请连接外接显示器并关闭后盖,在重新打开计算机时主机不会冻结。使用= ignore和外部显示器,当您合上主机盖时,计算机将挂起,但是您可以使用鼠标/键盘唤醒外部显示器。

 

On my 9750 running Ubuntu 18.04, whenever I turn off the dgpu using bbswitch before logging in or on boot, my system freezes.

After trying many different methods and many reboots I settled on a workaround: scheduling a cron job to activate bbswitch after some delay (60s) on reboot, so that I can login before bbswitch kicks in.

open crontab as root in terminal:

sudo crontab -e 

add to cron:

@reboot sleep 60 && /sbin/modprobe bbswitch 

replace /sbin/modprobe to where your modprobe executable is, this assumes bbswitch is installed.

Also add to /etc/modprobe.d/bbswitch.conf:

options bbswitch load_state=0 unload_state=1 

This turns off the dgpu on loading bbswitch and turns in on on unloading bbswitch. Refer to here for more details.

For the lid problem, I had to edit logind.conf:

sudo nano /etc/systemd/logind.conf 

change the following line:

HandleLidSwitchDocked=ignore 

to

HandleLidSwitchDocked=suspend  

Strangely if you leave the default settings (=ignore), attach an external display and shut the lid the computer does not freeze on reopening. With =ignore and with an external display the computer suspends when you close the lid but you can wake the external monitor with your mouse/keyboard.

 
 
1
 
vote

这些是我关于在Linux上禁用nvidia GPU并在处理器上启用集成Intel GPU的说明。这使我的Dell XPS 15功耗从25-30 W降低到11-12。 将电池寿命从3小时提高到9-10小时。 我在禁用GPU本身方面取得了成功,但是它无法正确启动到Linux,即使我确实将其运行,也无法让我调节背光。 现在,我已经解决了所有这些问题,并且一切正常。

  System Dell XPS 15 9560 9 cell battery DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu DISTRIB_RELEASE=18.04 DISTRIB_CODENAME=bionic DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS" Linux version 4.15.0-39-generic (buildd@lgw01-amd64-054) (gcc version 7.3.0 (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3)) #42-Ubuntu SMP Tue Oct 23 15:48:01 UTC 2018   

我主要遵循本指南,但不得不添加一些调整 https://gist.github.com / tomwwright / f88e2ddb344cf99f299935e1312da880

指南如下

  # perform a fresh install of Ubuntu 17.10  # upgrade the kernel to v4.13.10 mkdir ~/kernel-v4.13.10 cd ~/kernel-v4.13.10 wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.13.10/linux-headers-4.13.10-041310_4.13.10-041310.201710270531_all.deb wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.13.10/linux-headers-4.13.10-041310-generic_4.13.10-041310.201710270531_amd64.deb wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.13.10/linux-image-4.13.10-041310-generic_4.13.10-041310.201710270531_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i *.deb  # configure required kernel parameter (https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/bbswitch/issues/148) sudo nano /etc/default/grub # change this parameter to: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash acpi_rev_override=1" # rebuild the bootloader sudo update-grub2  # install and configure TLP and PowerTOP sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw powertop sudo tlp start # PowerTOP should be reporting a battery discharge rate of ~8-12W sudo powertop --auto-tune     # auto-tune parameter will configure some recommended power-saving tweaks  # install Nvidia 384.90 drivers sudo add-apt-repository ppa:graphics-drivers/ppa sudo apt update sudo apt-get install nvidia-384=384.90-0ubuntu3.17.10.1 sudo apt-mark hold nvidia-384   # stop this package being auto-updated during package resolution  # test that the nvidia drivers are working: nvidia-smi should output some GPU stats nvidia-smi  # PowerTOP should now be reporting a battery discharge rate of ~15-20W sudo powertop  # install Nvidia Prime: so we can disable the dedicated GPU when we don't want it sudo apt-get install nvidia-prime sudo prime-select intel  # REBOOT: when we boot back in, GPU should now be disabled  sudo powertop   # PowerTOP should be reporting ~8-12W dischargehe  nvidia-smi      # nvidia-smi should complain about missing drivers  sudo prime-select nvidia  # switch back to dedicated graphics sudo powertop   # PowerTOP should start reporting ~15-20W discharge nvidia-smi      # nvidia-smi should report GPU info  sudo prime-select intel   # the GOTCHA: prime-select intel doesn't re-disable the graphics card sudo powertop   # PowerTOP still reporting ~15-20W discharge nvidia-smi      # nvidia-smi correctly complaining about missing drivers   

遵循指南之后 1)运行powertop并打开/关闭nvidia,或

  sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/gpuoff.service   

关闭

中的GPU电源
  /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:01:00.0/power/control   

与在powertop中禁用GPU的效果相同

  @reboot sleep 60 && /sbin/modprobe bbswitch 0  

2)sudo vim / etc / default / grub

  @reboot sleep 60 && /sbin/modprobe bbswitch 1  

3)&lt;这是使它在没有nomodeset的情况下正常启动的主要修补程序。编辑/etc/X11/xorg.conf左右并设置intel&amp;第一部分中的非活动nvidia解决了该问题。将第一部分设置为:

  @reboot sleep 60 && /sbin/modprobe bbswitch 2  

现在要更改背光,我使用" light" 命令。我认为这是我从github某处下载的东西

 

These are my notes for disabling the nvidia GPU and enabling the integrating Intel GPU on my processor, on Linux. This has brought down my dell xps 15 power consumption from 25-30 w to 11-12. Improving battery life from 3 hours to 9-10 hours. I had success in disabling the GPU itself, but it would not properly boot into Linux and even when i did get it working it wouldn't let me adjust the backlight. I have now solved all these problems and everything works fine.

System Dell XPS 15 9560 9 cell battery DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu DISTRIB_RELEASE=18.04 DISTRIB_CODENAME=bionic DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS" Linux version 4.15.0-39-generic (buildd@lgw01-amd64-054) (gcc version 7.3.0 (Ubuntu 7.3.0-16ubuntu3)) #42-Ubuntu SMP Tue Oct 23 15:48:01 UTC 2018 

I followed mostly this guide, but had to add some tweaks https://gist.github.com/tomwwright/f88e2ddb344cf99f299935e1312da880

Guide is as follows

# perform a fresh install of Ubuntu 17.10  # upgrade the kernel to v4.13.10 mkdir ~/kernel-v4.13.10 cd ~/kernel-v4.13.10 wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.13.10/linux-headers-4.13.10-041310_4.13.10-041310.201710270531_all.deb wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.13.10/linux-headers-4.13.10-041310-generic_4.13.10-041310.201710270531_amd64.deb wget http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v4.13.10/linux-image-4.13.10-041310-generic_4.13.10-041310.201710270531_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i *.deb  # configure required kernel parameter (https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/bbswitch/issues/148) sudo nano /etc/default/grub # change this parameter to: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash acpi_rev_override=1" # rebuild the bootloader sudo update-grub2  # install and configure TLP and PowerTOP sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw powertop sudo tlp start # PowerTOP should be reporting a battery discharge rate of ~8-12W sudo powertop --auto-tune     # auto-tune parameter will configure some recommended power-saving tweaks  # install Nvidia 384.90 drivers sudo add-apt-repository ppa:graphics-drivers/ppa sudo apt update sudo apt-get install nvidia-384=384.90-0ubuntu3.17.10.1 sudo apt-mark hold nvidia-384   # stop this package being auto-updated during package resolution  # test that the nvidia drivers are working: nvidia-smi should output some GPU stats nvidia-smi  # PowerTOP should now be reporting a battery discharge rate of ~15-20W sudo powertop  # install Nvidia Prime: so we can disable the dedicated GPU when we don't want it sudo apt-get install nvidia-prime sudo prime-select intel  # REBOOT: when we boot back in, GPU should now be disabled  sudo powertop   # PowerTOP should be reporting ~8-12W dischargehe  nvidia-smi      # nvidia-smi should complain about missing drivers  sudo prime-select nvidia  # switch back to dedicated graphics sudo powertop   # PowerTOP should start reporting ~15-20W discharge nvidia-smi      # nvidia-smi should report GPU info  sudo prime-select intel   # the GOTCHA: prime-select intel doesn't re-disable the graphics card sudo powertop   # PowerTOP still reporting ~15-20W discharge nvidia-smi      # nvidia-smi correctly complaining about missing drivers 

After following the guide 1) run powertop and turn nvidia on/off, or

sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/gpuoff.service 

to turn off the gpu power in

/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:01\:00.0/power/control 

has the same effect as disabling the gpu in powertop

sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/gpuoff.service sudo systemctl start gpuoff sudo systemctl enable gpuoff  #prime-select nvidia prime-select intel prime-select query 

2) sudo vim /etc/default/grub

#grub now that it works: GRUB_DEFAULT=0 GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true GRUB_TIMEOUT=10 GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian` GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="acpi_backlight=vendor" # < boots GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="" 

3) < this was a major fix for getting it to boot properly without nomodeset. edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf or so and setting intel & inactive nvidia in the first section solved the problem. Set the first section to:

Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "layout" Screen 0 "intel" Inactive "nvidia" EndSection 

to now change the backlight i use the "light" command. I think this is something i downloaded from github somewhere

 
 

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每当我尝试使用optirun在大黄蜂下运行某些程序时,它们都会在显示任何窗口之前崩溃。我特别尝试运行supermeatboy,因为它不支持intel卡,但是与bumblebee相比,它甚至无法显示不同于intel的窗口并过早崩溃。我已经附上了xorg日志。 http://paste.pocoo.org/show/5...

7  Bumblebee:无法加载模块bbswitch  ( Bumblebee module bbswitch could not be loaded ) 
我已经升级到12.04,并且不得不从Ironhide切换到最新版本的Bumblebee。 现在,当我尝试运行 bumblebeed 时,出现此错误: FATAL: Module bbswitch not found. [ERROR]Module bbswitch could not be loaded (time...

10  Bumblebee守护程序尚未启动,或者套接字路径/var/run/bumblebee.socket不正确  ( The bumblebee daemon has not been started yet or the socket path var run bumble ) 
我最近在具有集成显卡和带有Optimus技术的NVidia GPU的Intel Ivy Bridge中安装了Ubuntu 12.04,但是我无法对其进行正常管理。我已经通过了Bumblebee项目的解决方案,但是当我尝试使用nvidia卡运行任何东西时,iam都会收到以下消息(例如,使用 optirun firefo...

0  无法访问辅助GPU  ( Cannot access secondary gpu ) 
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1  如何彻底清除与nvidia相关的一切?  ( How to completely purge everything that is associated with nvidia ) 
在ubuntu 14.04中,我遵循了无数的指南,以便使Primus可以使用Steam进行工作,但是却无济于事。我想彻底清除与nvidia,bumblebee,nvidia x服务器,primus,prime indicator等相关的所有东西。我可以这样做吗? ...

5  如果我想使用大黄蜂,我需要为gt540M安装哪个驱动程序?  ( Which driver do i need to install for my gt540m if i want to use bumblebee ) 
我可以选择Nvidia 185驱动程序和实验驱动程序。 我的笔记本电脑是具有Intel sandyBridge i5的Acer aspire 5750G。 我刚刚安装了Bumblebee。然后我启用了Card,并运行了" nvidia-settings" 。窗口说: 您似乎没有使用NVIDIA X驱动程序。请编辑...

30  如何在配备nVidia离散卡/英特尔集成显卡的笔记本电脑上使用nVidia CUDA或OpenCL?  ( How can i get nvidia cuda or opencl working on a laptop with nvidia discrete car ) 
背景:我是一名3D艺术家(作为业余爱好),最近开始将Ubuntu 12.04 LTS用作Windows 7的双启动。它正在运行于带有nVidia GeForce GT的相当新的64位东芝笔记本电脑上540M GPU(图形卡)。但是,它也有Intel Integrated Graphics(我怀疑Ubuntu一直在使用...

8  IronHide / BumbleBee与VirtualBox VM。它会通过视频加速传递到物理卡吗?  ( Ironhide bumblebee with a virtualbox vm will it pass through video accelerati ) 
是否有任何想法是否可以通过IronHide运行Windows VM来加速图形卡?我想使用我的视频卡玩游戏/观看Bluray等内容。 ...

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